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Dating back thousands of years ago in the late Paleolithic, primitive ancestors in Nanchang breeding. Into the Neolithic Nanchang, more frequent human activities, population growth, production development. About the 21st century BC, Yu established the first unified history of Chinese slavery - Xia Chao, Nanchang indigenous people at the time of the "three seedlings," said the three seedlings for the Emperor Yan's descendants, that later the ancient Yue Family. In the Tang, Yu, Xia, Shang, Zhou period, Nanchang area is the ancient Yangzhou domain. Spring and Autumn Warring States period, Nanchang region has Wu, Yue, Chu power range. During the Warring States period, Nanchang ancestors have mastered iron, cast iron technology and the use of refractory materials and other advanced technology. Qin Dynasty Nanchang to Jiujiang County. Qin Guang Guang Chi Road, the South when the North Vietnamese, the construction from the capital of Xianyang through the Nanchang direct Lingnan Chi Road, to communicate the north and south of China.
Nanchang's geographical location is very important, the Southern Dynasties Lei sub were in the "Yu Zhang Ji" described in Nanchang: "Yuzhang, waterways Stone, mountains and rivers show, pharynx Jing Chu, wing wing Wu Yue", is the military strategists To, Wu, Yue, Chu had to compete here in the city. Han will be the infiltration of the fortification of the fortification of the city, in this anti-Nan Yue Wang Zhao Tuo attack the Central Plains, so that the Han Dynasty for the operation of the southeast and Guangdong have a stable base; three Sun ordered Yuzhang, lay the foundation of the three countries utmost. The Eastern Jin Dynasty court to prevent Xu Daoguan uprising north, Jiangzhou provincial governor He Wuji and the rebels in this war defeated. Northern and Southern Dynasties period is the frequency of war, Nanchang has occurred in the birth of the chaos, Jin Wang Prince Liu Xixun chaos and Chen Bo attack Yu Zhang and other major war. Sui at the end of Lin Shihong, the teacher begging uprising captured Yu chapter, five generations of Yang Wu attack Yu chapter, are to compete for the land of Nanchang. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty peasant uprising surging, Nanchang is an important military base, Zhu Yuanzhang and Chen Youliang to Nanchang, Poyang Lake for the battlefield, after 85 days of repeated fighting, and ultimately establish the Ming dynasty base. The late Qing Dynasty Taiping North into the siege Nanchang, due to strong walls, siege 93 days is not broken.
City spirit - the atmosphere open integrity map strong
Organized by the municipal CPPCC guardianship and Culture Committee, the organization of experts and scholars to form the task group, the "city spirit" expression language special study, and openly solicit opinions to the community, through television interviews, newspapers, websites and other forms of collection and publicity , Social response enthusiastic. Based on the accurate grasp of Nanchang positioning, publicity Nanchang personality spirit, the people easy to understand and so easy to understand the basic requirements, the research group after many serious discussions, comprehensive selection, repeated comparison, from more than 300 statements in the combination and out of Nanchang "city spirit On the one hand, it can inspire people to inspire Nanchang people continue to forge ahead, in order to achieve the rise of Nanchang in the central region of their own strength; the other hand, it can carry forward the history and culture of Nanchang , Excavation of historical and cultural connotation, publicity Nanchang personality spirit, started Nanchang city brand, let Nanchang show their city card.
The atmosphere, the metaphor of the grand grand momentum, is a generous of the gas, a fusion of the spirit of development, is a broader mind and vision, higher standards and requirements, greater boldness and handwriting, stronger determination And intensity, Nanchang Bayi uprising of the initiative to contain the spirit of the atmosphere.
(Photo by Zhang Fan shooting, copyright owned by the women and women's all)
Open, is the world, Heiner rivers, eclectic, embodies the unity of man and nature, harmony and tolerance. Open must be based on the spirit of openness, the need to have the spirit of pioneering people, the need for pioneering and innovative spirit. The atmosphere is open, not only embodies the Nanchang loujun with the lake, extending in all directions of the humanities and historical atmosphere and momentum, but also highlights the Nanchang "mountains do not let the soil, the river is not good" spirit of the times, so that Nanchang big open main strategy to become Nanchang economic development Vitality of the source, and for Nanchang ushered in an infinite wide way out.
(Photo by Ding Nanchang shooting, copyright owned by the women and women's all)
Integrity, is the atmosphere of open posture and mind, sincere people are open and open, realistic spirit and style of expression. Only integrity can accommodate Heiner rivers, make friends, Nanchang today's development in particular the need for this character.
(Photo by Wan Su Ping shooting, copyright owned by the women and women's all)
Figure strong, is our rhetoric, is our goal. Due to the status area and some objective factors, we have a certain gap compared with the developed areas. But we do not complain, do not pretend to be thin. We must try our best to seize the opportunity to seize the opportunity to first-class spirit of thinking, first-class work style, to create first-class performance. We must vigorously encourage the people of the city to forge ahead and take the lead in realizing the rise of central China and build Nanchang into a prosperous and more developed modern hero city.
(Photo by the official film, copyright owned by the couple and all)
(Photo by the official film, copyright owned by the couple and all)
The origin of the place name
Nanchang apartment "Southern prosperity", "Chang big southern" meaning. Nanchang city name count, alias many, Han said Yuzhang, Tang said Hongzhou, Song said Longxing, Ming Dynasty named Nanchang. In 1926 the Northern Expeditionary Army captured Nanchang after the city.
According to Li Daoyuan "water by the note" contains: "Han emperor six years, began to infants believe Yuzhang County governance." Tang, in the northwest corner of the city, built Yuzhang new town, Lime ditch every, more than the city to expand more than doubled, built in the Tang Dynasty, it is also known as "Tang" or "city". Nanchang is now in the "city" on the basis of gradually formed up. Yuzhangcheng after the vicissitudes of life, until the Ming Dynasty was fixed down.
Sui Dynasty to change the town of Hongzhou governor, and soon changed back to its original name. Tang Dynasty in China after a long time, Nanchang system has changed many times, to 622 years of Wude years, but also change the chapter for the Hong City, set the Explorer House. To the five generations of the Southern Tang Dynasty, the early still known as Hongzhou, has become a major city in Jiangnan.
Nanchang is located in central Jiangxi north, Ganjiang, Fuhe downstream, the brink of China's largest freshwater lake southwest of Poyang Lake. East of Yugan, Dongxiang, south of Linchuan, Fengcheng, Xikao high security, Fengxin, Jing'an, North and Yongxiu, Duchang, Poyangyang total Poyang Lake, north and south the largest vertical distance of about 121 km, the largest aspect of something about 108 km, with a total area of about 7402 square kilometers. The whole territory of the plains, relatively flat southeast, northwest hilly ups and downs, water network clouds, many lakes. Nanchang is the capital of Jiangxi Province, the province's political, economic and cultural center.
Nanchang famous building Tengwangge
Nanchang is located in the east longitude 115 ° 27 '~ 116 ° 35', latitude 28 ° 09 '~ 29 ° 11', at the middle of Jiangxi Province, north, Ganjiang, Fuhe downstream, Bin Bin China's largest freshwater lake - Poyang Lake The The whole territory to the plains, southeast flat, northwest hilly ups and downs, about 112.1 km north-south, east-west width of 107.6 km. The total area of 7402.36 square kilometers, plains accounted for 35.8%, water accounted for 29.8%, post, low hills accounted for 34.4%. The city's average elevation of 25 meters, urban low-lying, the average elevation of 22 meters. The west is the Xishan Mountains, the highest point Meiling main peak washing drug dock, 841.4 meters above sea level.
The land area of cultivated land is 210,400 hectares. Among them, the effective irrigation area of 189,800 hectares, accounting for 90.2%. In the effective irrigated area, drought and waterlogging area of 15.57 million hectares, accounting for 82.0%.
Water resources The city's annual production of water was 6.625 billion cubic meters, surface water resources of 6.153 billion cubic meters, surface runoff of 5.142 billion cubic meters, reduced water volume of 407 million cubic meters, underground water
Nanchang City, under the jurisdiction of Nanchang County, the new county, Jinxian County, Anyi County, four counties, East Lake District, West Lake District, Qingyun spectrum area, Castle Lake area, Bay area and other five districts, and Nanchang Economic and Technological Development Zone Changbei District), Nanchang High-tech Industrial Development Zone (Hi-tech Zone) and Honggu Tan New Area.
Population: According to the statistics of public security, Nanchang City, the total population of 491.31 million, compared with the previous year net increase of 73,500 people, of which non-agricultural population of 232.76 million, an increase of 2.2%. According to the 2007 survey of the city's survey results show that in 2007 the city's resident population of 458.06 million, the birth rate was 13.63 ‰, the mortality rate of 5.79 ‰, natural growth rate of 7.84 ‰.
Environmental quality: Overall environmental quality is in good condition. The annual air quality and good rate of 95.3%; domestic sewage treatment rate of 77.3% or more, industrial wastewater discharge compliance rate of 94.5% or more; centralized drinking water quality compliance rate of 99.8%; regional environmental noise control in the 56.1 dB below , The traffic trunk line noise control in the 69.9 dB below; industrial solid waste disposal utilization rate of 87.6% or more; year the city level sewage charges 34.77 million yuan.
People's living: urban residents income steadily increased, the standard of living to further improve. In 2007, the city's total wages of 14.1 billion workers, an increase of 25.3% over the previous year; the average wage of workers in the post 23960 yuan, an increase of 18.1%. Per capita disposable income of urban residents 13076 yuan, an increase of 16.3%. Per capita consumption expenditure of 10064 yuan, an increase of 33.3%. Among them, the increase in expenditure is: clothing category, household equipment supplies and services, residential, miscellaneous goods and services, respectively, growth of 53.3%, 47.3%, 33.5%, 40.4%. The Engel coefficient of urban households was 39.9%, down 4.1 percentage points from the previous year.
August 1, 1927, shocked the "eight one Nanchang uprising" broke out, wrote an important page in modern Chinese history. Nanchang in one fell swoop to become a "flag rising place", from the "hero city" well-known world, shining history.
August 1 Nanchang Uprising is the Chinese Communist Party to fight against the Kuomintang in power to massacre the Communists and the masses of workers and peasants, to save the revolution, in August 1, 1927 in Jiangxi Province Nanchang launched an armed uprising.
April 12, 1927 and July 15, Chiang Kai-shek, Wang Ching-wei in Nanjing and Wuhan launched the "Qing", the Central Committee of the Provisional Political Bureau decided to use the Communist Party to master and under the influence of the National Revolutionary Army held in Nanchang uprising, and assigned Zhou Enlai For the uprising of the leading organs of the former enemy committee secretary. Scheduled to participate in the uprising of the troops are: the fourth army second army twenty army, eleven army twenty-four division and ten division one, four army twenty-five division two regiment, the fifth army three army officers education group Department and Nanchang police armed, a total of more than 20,000 people. The Uprising was originally scheduled for July 30 and night, and was delayed by Zhang Guotao's obstruction.
At 1:00 on August 1, Zhou Enlai, He Long, Ye Ting, Zhu De, Liu Bocheng and other commander of the rebels to stationed Nanchang Kuomintang army launched an attack, after four hours of fighting, occupied the city. In the morning, held in Nanchang, members of the Kuomintang Central Committee, the provinces and municipalities and other foreign ministries of the joint meeting, adopted the "Central Committee Declaration", the establishment of the Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee, while the uprising forces were reorganized, still follow the National Revolution The second army of the military commander, to He Long and generation commander. Rotation of the enemy to heavy attack Nanchang, the CPC Central Committee decided to turn the central government according to the original plan, the camera to capture Guangzhou, again the Northern Expedition.
Nanchang Uprising main leaders He Long, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai, Ye Ting, Liu Bocheng like
The rebel army since August 3 has been evacuated Nanchang, Jiangxi Ruijin, Huichang, into Fujian Changting, Shanghang, in late September to reach Guangdong Chaozhou, Shantou area. Then part of the enemy forces scattered, part of the retreat to the sea Lufeng region, joined the Dongjiang region of the armed struggle of farmers; the other part of Zhu De, Chen Yi led to fought to Shonan, guerrilla warfare. In late April 1928 arrived in Jinggangshan area, and Mao Zedong led troops joined forces, compiled for the Chinese Workers and Peasants Revolution Army Fourth Army.
April 28, 1928, Jinggangshan joined forces
The Nanchang Uprising started the first shot of armed opposition against the Kuomintang's ruling party, the beginning of the armed struggle of the Chinese Communist Party and the creation of a revolutionary army. The uprising troops were one of the backbone of the Red Army. On July 1, 1933, the Provisional Central Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic decided that since August 1, the anniversary of the establishment of the Red Army of Chinese workers and peasants on August 1 each year. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, this memorial day will be renamed the Chinese People's Liberation Army Army Day.
Now the center of the People's Square at the southern end of the city, stands a total of up to 45.5 meters long box eight one Nanchang uprising monument. Whenever the summer thunderstorms, then gunfire murder seems to be during the shock. The tower was completed on January 8, 1979, the tower engraved with "declared the uprising", "attack the enemy camp", "cheering victory" three large granite relief, to reproduce the scene.
Zhongshan Road, No. 380 is the predecessor of the "Jiangxi Grand Hotel," the August 1 Nanchang Uprising Memorial Hall, where was the uprising of the command center, in 1957 as "Nanchang Bayi uprising Memorial Hall", display a large number of literature and photographs on the uprising The
In 1997, Jiang Zemin inscribed for the inscription of the "August 1" uprising in Nanchang
Nanchang city there are many other commemorative places, the New Fourth Army headquarters site, located in Friends of bamboo Lane, January 6, 1938, the New Fourth Army was established in Nanchang, and located here; Eighth Army station in Hunan, located in Cai E Road Xu Temple No. 15; Ye Ting led the headquarters of the eleventh army headquarters, located in Su Po Road; He Long led the second army headquarters site, located in sub-road No. 85 Nanchang two; Zhu De founded the official education group site , Located at 58 Bayi Avenue.
Industrial Nanchang is the largest industrial city in Jiangxi Province, the first aircraft in New China, the first wheeled tractor, the first motorcycle, the first sea defense missiles were born here. Since the reform and opening up, Nanchang's industrial economy has developed rapidly, forming a modern industrial system such as aircraft manufacturing, automobile manufacturing, metallurgy, electromechanical, textile, chemical, pharmaceutical and so on, with electronic information, bio-engineering, new materials, Technology industry also has a certain level, is now building an important base for modern manufacturing, industrial park-based battlefield, the formation of the five pillar industries, the top ten product base, with more than eight provincial industrial parks, nearly 700 scale enterprises.
Agriculture Nanchang agriculture has achieved steady growth in production, structural optimization and upgrading, the basic consolidation to improve, a new look of villages and towns. The formation of high-quality rice, high-quality fruit, lean pigs, special aquatic products such as "top ten leading products", is the country's major commodity grain and agricultural production base.
Trade flow due to waterways convenient transportation, Nanchang has always been an important trade and circulation of the South city, merchants gathered, not only to cover the province's consumer goods distribution center, but also the coastal areas of the central radiation hub of business radiation. Large-scale commercial development, the formation of the "city of large shopping malls, suburban markets, the city outside the logistics" pattern, the city mainly Nanchang Department Store, Hongcheng Building, the new Hongke Long, Beijing Hualian (Jiangxi), Wal-Mart, And other large shopping malls, outside the city outside the city of Hongcheng, Jiangxi decoration materials market, Nanchang Shenzhen agricultural products wholesale market and other large wholesale markets. The famous Hongcheng big market is the national nine daily necessities
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